Arthritis of the Knee
Knee arthritis arises when cartilage or the surface of the knee joint wear out. Worn out cartilage (also referred to as osteoarthritis of the knee) is the most common form of arthritis and can lead to bone ends rubbing together (bone on bone). Wear and tear to the surface of the knee joint prevents smooth movement. Ultimately, knee arthritis surgery may be required.
What Causes Arthritis of the Knee?
Knee arthritis is most commonly – but not exclusively – found among the ageing. Other possible contributors include:
- Obesity – being overweight places additional burden on joints
- Injury/trauma or recurring stress from work or sporting activity
- Bone infection
- Connective tissue disorders
- Rheumatoid arthritis
What are the signs and symptoms of the Knee Arthritis?
Patients experience varying degrees of discomfort and pain. Pain be experienced:
- During weight bearing activity such as walking, kneeling or squatting
- After periods of inactivity such as watching television or sitting in the car
- At night, disturbing sleep patterns
Patients may also report swelling, and/or grinding or grating sensations and sounds from within the joint.
How is Knee Arthritis Diagnosed?
Mr Soong Chua and his team will begin with your medical history and a physical examination to assess your symptoms. Imaging tests such as x-rays, ultrasound or an MRI scan may also be carried out to assess further damage.
What are the Treatment Options for Arthritis of the Knee?
Mr Soong Chua will consider a number of options for your knee arthritis treatment, including:
- Activity and lifestyle modification, including mobility aids
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medication (such as ibuprofen)
- Physiotherapy– Strengthening the muscles that support your knee to relieve pain and help prevent further injury.
- Injections– steroids or viscosupplementation for pain relief
- Knee arthritis surgery – once non-surgical approaches have been exhausted, Mr Soong Chua will discuss surgical options, including robotic knee replacement